The threshold of pain is raised by hot fomentation of the damaged or inflamed area, which lessens pain perception. Along with pain relievers, it has a synergistic effect. Raising the warmth of the wounded tissue improves blood flow and speeds up the healing process. The use of hot fomentation provides a calming effect.
Cold compresses aid in the decrease of inflammation in injuries, as well as protecting the tissue by reducing the metabolic rate around it. They also aid in the reduction of oedema and bleeding. In cases of really high fever, a cold compress can assist to quickly reduce the temperature. It might be utilised after a surgical operation or an acute injury.